ca cuoc mien phi _kinh nghiệm chơi bài trực tuyến_tặng tiền cược miễn phí 2019 You Know Law. We Know Juries. Thu, 18 Oct 2018 11:02:11 +0000 en-US hourly 1 29998686 Religious beliefs among Black men and women?in the United States Thu, 18 Oct 2018 11:02:11 +0000 /e00/blog/?p=6876 Pew Research has a new post up comparing the religious beliefs of Black men to those of Black women (as well as White and Hispanic men and women). We¡¯ve written here about the dang ky nhan tien cuoc mien phiroles of religion and race (and who you want on your jury when) a number of different times here. Most recently, we blogged on the religious practices of Black Americans when compared to White Americans.?

Over time, Pew has developed a scale that considers four topics (i.e., frequency of prayer, belief in God, attendance at religious services, and the importance of religion in one’s life) to assess levels of religious belief and practice as ¡°high¡±, ¡°medium¡±, or ¡°low¡±. Scores on this scale were used to draw conclusions on the religiosity of Black men compared to other groups in the US.?

Pew¡¯s findings may not surprise you but it is good to have data behind what we might guess at so we are more certain of our accuracy. Here is a brief summary of what the Pew report says and what you may wish to take into consideration as you consider jury selection.?

In the US, Pew tells us, men are generally less religious than women and this holds true in the Black community as well.?

Black men are less religious than Black women.?

However, Black men are more religious than White men and they are more religious than White women.?

Black men are also more religious than Hispanic men and roughly equivalent to Hispanic women.?

From a litigation advocacy perspective, if you have a sense that religious commitment would play a role in case support (or lack thereof), this Pew report can give you a good guess on which jurors (Black or White or Hispanic, and Male or Female) would be best for your case. We cannot ¡®know¡¯ who is going to be best by just looking at demographic characteristics, but when all else is equal, and religious affiliation (or lack thereof) may make a difference, this is a data based approach to making the best decisions possible.?



Font choice that can improve your memory (and maybe? the memory of your jurors as well) Tue, 16 Oct 2018 14:21:50 +0000 /e00/blog/?p=6872 That¡¯s a pretty amazing claim, don¡¯t you think? It¡¯s also a very annoying looking font but you can dang ky nhan tien cuoc mien phidownload it free so there is that. We¡¯ve written here about font choices a number of times and it appears that the more you have to focus and concentrate to read a font (that disruption is called ¡°creating a disfluency¡±), the more you will remember. So. This new font is called Sans Forgetica. No. We didn¡¯t make that up.?

The font was designed in Australia at RMIT University. The font creators are graphic design students, psychologists, and researchers and (presumably) they brought knowledge of research findings in their individual areas to work on producing this font. It is odd looking and not particularly visually appealing.?

The letters slant to the left.?

Each letter has a gap.?

Yet, when compared to Arial (an easy to read and very familiar font), those who read Sans Forgetica were able to remember 57% of the text compared to Arial readers who recalled only 50%.?

The font is based on the research we referred to earlier and relies on creating a sort of ¡°brain stutter¡± or disfluency in processing. The ¡°pause¡± caused by the disfluency-inducing-font appears to result in higher recall for what was being written. The researchers say it as though the disfluency results in your brain saying ¡°Okay, pay attention!¡± to itself and thus the reader recalls more information. You can download the font (free) here.?

From a litigation advocacy perspective, we certainly want our jurors to remember what we said. Yet, the idea of using this particular font in your visual evidence is not appealing. It¡¯s an interesting idea for research. Somehow, we don¡¯t think it is quite ready for the courtroom. You may also be interested in reading the Michael Butterick article in the Jury Expert on his book, Typography for Lawyers. It¡¯s an interesting read and his entire focus is on easy-on-the-eyes fonts. Sans Forgetica would not likely qualify.?



Who¡¯s a conspiracy theorist and can you really ¡°see¡± them?? Thu, 11 Oct 2018 11:02:13 +0000 /e00/blog/?p=6868 We love to have the occasional conspiracy theorist show up in our pretrial research as they have much to teach us about plugging holes in case narratives. We love it so much we have blogged about conspiracy theorists and theories repeatedly. So imagine the joy at The Jury Room blog headquarters when a new 2018 study supported the findings from a 2017 study. You might actually be able to identify the conspiracy theorist before they are chosen to serve on your jury!?

The first article (2017) was published in the Social Psychology journal. In short, what the research found is that people who saw themselves as unique are more likely drawn to conspiracy theories. So we carefully read the original article and saw what the researchers specifically found is that most of us are comfortable with the paradox of two seemingly inconsistent statements¡ªwhich are, by the way, both true:

We¡¯re all the same. We all crave the same things: shelter, food, company, and comfort, and we¡¯re all here for just a little while.?

You¡¯re unique: The specific details of your life are not the same as anyone else¡¯s.?

¡®However¡¯, said the 2017 researchers, among those that are not comfortable with the paradox¡ªthe more strongly one relates to the second statement (¡°You¡¯re unique¡±), and the less you care about the first (¡°We¡¯re all the same¡±)¡ªthe more likely you are to believe in hidden and malevolent forces at work in the world around us.?

In short, the more likely you are to endorse an idea like ¡°I see something other people cannot see¡±¡ªand are probably what we would call a conspiracy theorist.?

The second article (from 2018) also looks at how personality traits and cognitive styles lead us to believe (or not believe) in conspiracy theories. And take a look at this: they found the same thing (and a bit more).?

“These people tend to be more suspicious, untrusting, eccentric, needing to feel special [emphasis added], with a tendency to regard the world as an inherently dangerous place. They are also more likely to detect meaningful patterns where they might not exist. People who are reluctant to believe in conspiracy theories tend to have the opposite qualities.”

However, these researchers went even further.?

“Our results clearly showed that the strongest predictor of conspiracy belief was a constellation of personality characteristics collectively referred to as ‘schizotypy,’ Hart said.

It is intriguing to note that people who have a schizotypal style tend to see connections between things that others do not see. They tend to imbue meaningless actions by the actor with secret meaning (e.g., ¡°You were wearing green the day I was hired and you are wearing green again today so I know you would like to see me get promoted¡±). They are often seen as ¡°odd¡± or at least socially awkward or avoidant. Despite their social awkwardness and seeming avoidance, they often desperately want to fit in, to be accepted, and to have others ¡°see¡± their specialness.?

A conspiracy theorist attended a mock trial we had in Austin earlier this year. In Austin, it is common to have unusual looking people with high levels of education and idiosyncratic ideas. This man stood out though, as neither nerd nor hipster¡ªbut with a somewhat odd presentation despite obvious intellectual capacity. He had a hard time listening quietly and at one point in the presentation blurted out loudly, ¡°This is why Americans don¡¯t trust big business!¡± and later on commented, ¡°I think we are not being told the entire story¡­¡±. The moderator had to work hard to keep his comments relevant and focused and on his written questionnaires at the end of the study this mock juror commented he had beliefs he was not allowed to share but that were important.?

While you obviously cannot diagnose someone from appearance alone, there may be clues that we can ¡°see¡± to tip us off that a juror may be prone to idiosyncratic associations that would make it difficult for them to separate evidence presented to them from their own beliefs and perceptions. From a litigation advocacy perspective, this is an intriguing idea to ponder and you can trust we¡¯ll be pondering this one for a while and experimenting with how to ¡°see¡± the conspiracy theorist during voir dire and jury selection. Maybe what is needed is a test for ¡°looks like a conspiracy nut¡±.

Lantian, A., Muller, D., Nurra, C., & Douglas, K. M. (2017). ¡°I know things they don¡¯t know!¡±: The role of need for uniqueness in belief in conspiracy theories. Social Psychology, 48(3), 160-173.

Hart, J., & Graether, M. (2018, August 2). Something¡¯s Going on Here: Psychological Predictors of Belief in Conspiracy Theories. Journal of Individual Differences. Advance online publication. 0001/a000268


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